Installation and adjustment

Installation & Adjustment: Maritime Satellite Communication

VSAT Installation

Introduction

VSAT (Very Small Aperture Terminal) is a satellite communication system commonly used in maritime settings for its reliability and wide coverage. It is suitable for long-distance communication, even in remote areas where traditional networks are unavailable.

Installation Steps

1. Site Survey: Conduct a survey to determine the best location for the VSAT antenna on the vessel. Ensure there is a clear line of sight to the satellite.

2. Antenna Mounting: Secure the antenna on a stable platform, typically on the highest point of the ship to avoid obstructions. Ensure the mounting structure can withstand harsh maritime conditions.

3. Cabling: Run coaxial cables from the antenna to the indoor unit (IDU). Ensure all connections are waterproof and properly insulated.

4. Power Supply: Connect the antenna and IDU to a reliable power source. Use voltage regulators if necessary to protect against power fluctuations.

5. Pointing and Alignment: Align the antenna using a compass and inclinometer to point towards the designated satellite. Fine-tune the alignment for optimal signal strength using the signal meter.

6. Configuration: Configure the modem and other communication equipment as per the service provider’s instructions. Enter the satellite parameters and network settings.

7. Testing and Commissioning**: Test the system to ensure stable connectivity. Check for signal quality, data throughput, and overall performance. Make any necessary adjustments.

Adjustment Tips

– Regularly check for any obstructions that may affect the antenna’s line of sight.
– Perform periodic maintenance to ensure all components are secure and functioning correctly.
– Update software and firmware to the latest versions to improve performance and security.

4G/5G Installation

Introduction
4G and 5G networks provide high-speed internet access and are increasingly being used in maritime environments. These networks are beneficial for nearshore operations where cellular coverage is available.

Installation Steps

1. Site Survey: Identify the best location for the antenna on the vessel. Ensure it has minimal obstructions and is positioned to receive the strongest signal from nearby cell towers.

2. Antenna Mounting: Install the antenna on a high point of the ship, similar to the VSAT installation. Ensure it is securely mounted and can withstand maritime conditions.

3. Cabling: Connect the antenna to the router or modem using suitable coaxial cables. Ensure all connections are waterproof.

4. Power Supply Connect the router or modem to a stable power source. Use voltage regulators if needed.

5.Configuration: Set up the router or modem with the appropriate SIM card and configure network settings according to the service provider’s instructions.

6.Testing and Commissioning: Test the connection to ensure stable and high-speed internet access. Check signal strength, speed, and reliability.

Adjustment Tips

– Monitor signal strength regularly and adjust the antenna position if needed.
– Use signal boosters or repeaters if the signal is weak.
– Keep firmware and software updated to ensure optimal performance and security.

Starlink Installation

Introduction
Starlink, a satellite internet constellation developed by SpaceX, offers high-speed internet access worldwide, including remote maritime areas. It provides an alternative to traditional satellite systems with its low Earth orbit (LEO) satellites.

Installation Steps

1. Site Survey: Determine the best location for the Starlink dish. It should have an unobstructed view of the sky to connect with the satellites.

2. Dish Mounting: Mount the dish on a stable platform, ensuring it can withstand maritime conditions. The dish should be placed as high as possible to avoid obstructions.

3.Cabling: Run the Ethernet cable from the dish to the router. Ensure the connections are waterproof and secure.

4.Power Supply: Connect the dish and router to a reliable power source. Use voltage regulators if necessary.

5.Configuration: Set up the Starlink app to activate the service and configure network settings. The app will help align the dish for optimal connectivity.

6. Testing and Commissioning: Test the connection to ensure stable and high-speed internet access. Check signal strength, data throughput, and overall performance.

Adjustment Tips

– Regularly check for any obstructions that may affect the dish’s view of the sky.
– Perform periodic maintenance to ensure all components are secure and functioning correctly.
– Keep the Starlink app updated to benefit from the latest features and improvements.

For any assistance with installation or adjustment of maritime satellite communication systems, contact our support team.